By: EUGENE HERBERT
Reduced hours on the road because of economic challenges at many companies may result in the retaining of vehicles for longer than normal. While always important, this places additional pressure on fleet operators to ensure that vehicles are properly cared for, on and off the road, and can operate safely and efficiently for longer.
Certain maintenance costs can be delayed or by implementing strict policies about caring for the vehicles.
Following the basic principles of defensive driving can help companies reduce some of the highest expenses in maintenance costs. Along with this, the consequences of not following these principles must be clearly communicated.
The first of these is in brake maintenance. Harsh braking causes the ABS to trigger unnecessarily and consequently the brakes wear out faster than normal. Driving with a three second following distance and while looking 12 seconds ahead of you can prevent harsh braking as drivers have adequate time to respond.
Additionally, whenever you can, reduce your use of the brakes to reduce their wear and tear. You can do this through driving techniques such as anticipating traffic light changes and preventing the vehicle from coming to a complete stop while driving.
It is also possible to slow down wear and tear on your tyres. Tyres will inevitably wear out but the goal should be to protect the life of the tread, in particular by ensuring the tread wears out evenly. An important habit should be to get your wheel alignment and balancing done regularly.
Additionally, correct tyre pressure is critical in protecting tyres. Over-inflated tyres wear faster at the centre. Under-inflated tyres wear out faster on the outside and increase risk of blow-out and increase fuel consumption. Vehicles over 3 500 kg that have dual-wheels, need tyre pressure to be consistent. If the inside dual is underinflated, one tyre is then carrying the majority of the load. A simple solution is to ensure tyre pressure is checked regularly with a quality tyre pressure gauge.
Battery replacement could become an issue for organisations coming out of long lockdown periods.
It could continue to pose an issue for companies that reduced working hours to short time. If a vehicle will be parked while a driver is off for a week or two, ensure that the battery is disconnected during this time to ensure that it does not die before its time.
Other things that one can do to increase the longevity of vehicle’s engines include avoiding stop/start driving where possible, ensuring the cars have adequate coolant and oil and do not miss a service. The more care you place into looking after the vehicles in your fleet, the more you will get out of the vehicles during economically strained times.
Eugene Herbert is managing director of MasterDrive, SA